Baku, April 16, AZERTAC
The central region of Cappadocia in Turkey offers visitors a journey through breathtaking landscapes rich in natural and cultural treasures.
In 1985, Göreme National Park was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List and is now one of Turkey’s top 10 tourist attractions.
There is evidence of human life dating back 5,000 years to Göreme National Park – the jewel of Cappadocia – and from the third century AD it became a haven for people living in its network of formations natural caves or dug in the soft rock. .
Located on the central Anatolian plateau in a volcanic landscape sculpted by erosion to form a succession of mountain ridges, valleys and pinnacles known as “fairy chimneys” or hoodoos, Göreme National Park and the rock sites of Cappadocia cover the region between the Turkish cities of Nevşehir, Ürgüp and Avanos, the sites of Karain, Karlık, Yeşilöz, Soğanlı and the underground cities of Kaymaklı and Derinkuyu.
Göreme is also home to many churches, chapels and shelters used during the early years of the Christian faith, as well as a dazzling array of natural formations known as fairy chimneys.
The area is bounded to the south and east by chains of extinct volcanoes with Erciyes Dağ (3916 m) at one end and Hasan Dağ (3253 m) at the other.
The density of its rock-hewn cells, churches, cave villages and underground cities within the rock formations makes it one of the most impressive and extensive cave complexes in the world.
Although interesting from a geological and ethnological point of view, the incomparable beauty of the decoration of Christian sanctuaries makes Cappadocia one of the leading examples of the post-iconoclastic Byzantine artistic period.
The rock dwellings, villages, convents and churches preserve the fossilized image of a province of the Byzantine Empire between the 4th century and the arrival of the Seljuk Turks (1071). Thus, they are the essential vestiges of a vanished civilization.
Cappadocia is an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement that has become vulnerable under the combined effects of natural erosion and, more recently, tourism.
In a spectacular landscape dramatically demonstrating the forces of erosion, the Göreme Valley and its surroundings provide a world-famous and accessible display of hoodoo landforms and other erosional features, which are of great beauty and that interact with the cultural elements of the landscape.
AZERTAG.AZ :Göreme National Park and Rocky Sites of Cappadocia – a dramatic landscape, mountain ridges, valleys and pinnacles known as “fairy chimneys”
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